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Clade
Subclade

Taxon
Taxon
Paraves
Nominal Author
Sereno 1997
2nd Nominal Author
Taxon Status ACTIVE
Comments

Coined by Sereno (1997) and initially defined by Sereno (1998), Paraves is a stem-based taxon including those theropods closest to Aves. Because immediate avian outgroups may constitute some combination of deinonychosaurians or other singleton genera depending on the author and analysis, Paraves was established as a stem-based group to exclude oviraptorosaurians and more distantly related clades. The possibility that oviraptorosaurians lie within Aves, a controversial result based on two small datasets (LÜ 2002; Maryanska et al. 2002), has since been rejected by one of the lead authors (Holtz and Maryanska 2004). These same authors provided a first-order revision of the initial definition of Paraves (Sereno 1998). A textual variant of that definition is adopted in this compilation.

Eumaniraptora was coined in an abstract (Padian et al. 1997) and first defined in the abstract of a subsequent paper (Padian et al. 1999). Unlike Paraves, it is node-based and thus may eventually differ from Paraves in taxonomic content, depending on the relationships of dromaeosaurids. On most phylogenies, nevertheless, there is little need for Eumaniraptora as it would encompass the same taxa as Paraves.

Potential Synonomy

Active Phylogenetic Definition
Active Definition
The most inclusive clade containing Passer domesticus (Linnaeus 1758) but not Oviraptor philoceratops Osborn 1924.
Shorthand
> Passer domesticus but not Oviraptor philoceratops.
Definitional Author
Holtz and Osmˇlska 2004
Definition Status TEXTUAL SUBSTITUTION
Definition Type STEM
Node-Stem Triplet NO
Other Triplet Taxa
Specifiers
Specifier(s) A
Passer domesticus
Specifier(s) B
Specifier(s) C
Oviraptor philoceratops
Qualifiers
+Taxon
-Taxon
Datum
Taxonomic Content
Publication Year Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
1998

Inactive Taxon Status
Rejection Criteria
Critique
 

Definitional History #1
Earliest Record
All maniraptorans closer to Neornithes than to Oviraptor.
Latest Record
Sereno 1998:65
Range (My)
Range (My)
Oviraptor, Neornithes
Range (My)

Definitional History #2
Earliest Record
Passer domesticus and all taxa closer to it than to Oviraptor philoceratops.
Latest Record
Holtz and Osmˇlska 2004:22
Range (My)
Range (My)
Passer domesticus, Oviraptor philoceratops
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Definitional History #3
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Definitional History #4
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Definitional History #6
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Definitional History #7
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Definitional History #9
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Definitional History #10
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